Attorney San Diego, CA:
What is the difference between Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)?
Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI or SSD) is a federal insurance program of the United States government. It is managed by the Social Security Administration and is funded by a payroll tax. SSDI is designed to provide income to people who are unable to work because of a disability. In order to qualify for SSDI benefits, you must have worked 5 out of the last 10 years (with a few exceptions.)
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a monthly stipend provided to aged, blind, or disabled persons based on need, paid by the United States Government. The program is administered by the Social Security Administration. Payments are made from the US Treasury general funds, not the Social Security trust funds. In order to qualify for SSI benefits, you must not have assets that are worth more than $2,000 for singles or $3,000 for couples (with some exceptions like a single home or a single car)
The main differences between SSI and SSDI are:
1. The type of medical insurance differs between SSI and SSDI. Under SSI, a person found disabled will receive Medi-Cal (if living in California, otherwise it is Medicaid). Under Social Security Disability Insurance benefits, a person will qualify for Medicare after having been found disabled for 2 years. If a person qualifies for both SSI and SSDI, they will receive the Medi-Cal and decide whether they want the Medicare or not.
2. The amount of money is usually different depending on the type of disability benefits you are receiving. Under SSI, you receive the Federal Government supplement and depending on what state you live in, you may also receive a state supplement to go along with the federal. Due to cost of living adjustments made annually, the amount of money one can receive changes. For an up to date amount, please contact Jorgensen Law at our toll free number 866.587.9176. SSDI amounts are based on how much you earned over the past 10 years. For an exact amount you may either check your statement that you usually receive around your birthday each year or contact your local Social Security Administration.
3. The amount of back pay also differs under each program. Under Supplemental Security income (SSI), an injured or disabled claimant can only seek retroactive benefits beginning with the date of the application filing. Under Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits, a claimant can receive retroactive benefits involving money up to 12 months prior to the application date. Although there are not back-pay incentives for seeking disability benefits beyond what a claimant can receive benefits for, other considerations may warrant going back further. Some of these include: Medical Insurance (Medicare) to be started immediately, locking in your disabled status for retirement purposes, trying to re-open an old denial etc.
If you have additional questions about the differences between SSDI and SSI, please contact our office at 866.587.9176 or fill out our Free Evaluation Form.